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Is A Fixed Rate or ARM Mortgage Better in 2020? https://www.renthop.com/blog/2020/02/is-a-fixed-rate-or-arm-mortgages-better-in-2020/ Wed, 26 Feb 2020 17:57:18 +0000




https://www.renthop.com/blog/2020/02/is-a-fixed-rate-or-arm-mortgages-better-in-2020/

Here is an age old discussion that should have no correct answer. In 2020, whether you are purchasing or refinancing, do you want to lock in record low fixed rate mortgages, or go for the one of those 5/1 and 7/1 ARMs.

The Boilerplate Answers

We can give all of the usual “it depends” answers. Do you plan to live in that condo the rest of your life? Or will you move out once you start a family? Will you try your hand at becoming a landlord and keep the property long after you trade up?

How About A Real Answer?

Here is a real answer. Currently in 2020, the spread between a 30-year Fixed and a 7/1 ARM about 0.500%. That’s not a bad deal – truth is, data shows VERY few people actually keep the mortgage longer than 7 years. You will either refinance or sell the property by then, or just prepay voluntarily because your financial situation has changed.

Beware, sometimes these rates assume 1 point + origination fee, which will always make the ARM mortgages look cheaper. Try to compare with minimal closing costs.

Even if you do hit the 7 year mark, which I have on my oldest properties, your new rate might not be so horrible. They build in a nice margin over LIBOR, so unfortunately you probably won’t get anything lower than the initial 7 year teaser. But it might not be any higher.

For all the headlines about record treasury rates, honestly not a whole lot has happened in the past year, or even the past 8 years.

And if for some reason your rate skyrockets, you still banked 7 years of savings. You would need to hold the higher rate for 2-3 years before those savings vanished. The real breakeven might be 10 years on a 7/1 ARM, in nominal terms. And trust me, by then, your life situation will have changed drastically – you might not even care. In the end, it’s all about peace of mind; sometimes I wish there was no choice and everyone just offered an identical product (in theory they should, thanks to Fannie And Freddie, but some banks sneak in way too many extra fees).

When Is Fixed-Rate Better?

There were moments in the past 5 years when the Fixed vs ARM was actually equal! That sounds weird, but the yield curve was just totally flat at the time. For those who really aren’t sure about their future plans, if the 7/1 ARM and 30-year Fixed only have a spread of 0.250%, it’s probably not worth it. You can buy the peace of mind and pay more – just don’t have regrets when you refinance 3 years later! It’s a calculated gamble.

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Which Tech IPOs Will Impact Local Real Estate Prices? https://www.renthop.com/blog/2020/02/which-tech-ipos-will-impact-local-real-estate-prices/ Tue, 25 Feb 2020 15:51:26 +0000

https://www.renthop.com/blog/2020/02/which-tech-ipos-will-impact-local-real-estate-prices/

Yesterday we discussed some of Financial Samurai’s Reasons that year 2020 is a good time to buy real estate. One of the more complicated arguments surrounds tech IPOs.

Here’s the idea. When a successful company grows to the point of raising money through an initial public offering, it is the first time thousands of employees and investors can unlock their years of stored wealth and paper gains. Tech workers tend to be younger millennials looking to buy their first home and minimize commuting. Therefore, housing closest to the office headquarters will see a large boost shortly after the IPO.

What IPOs Will Impact Rent and Real Estate?

We are in the middle or even mid-late stages of the tech IPO wave across multiple metro areas. The SF Bay Area has already seen a tech wealth effect for years – bay area rentals are sky high, much higher than NYC rentals. That’s not even from the IPO wealth – it’s just a general trickle down effect of venture capital money driving up a talent war for all jobs.

But which IPOs could mint some new tech millionaires that will scoop up condos and houses, possibly without even visiting a mortgage broker?

Airbnb: Probably the most recognized consumer company from Y Combinator, SF-based Airbnb changes the way millions of people travel and unlocked a new avenue for almost anyone to earn spare money (or in some cases full time hosting jobs). They could have IPOed years ago, but perhaps they choose not to because they are already plenty profitable.

Stripe: Listed as #1 on the current YC Top 100 list, payment processor Stripe employees 2000+ with a heavy emphasis on engineers in the bay area. Competitor Square already IPOed half a decade ago – it’s only a matter of time.

CloudFlare (already IPOed): Based in Boston, already had their IPO late 2019, and it was very successful – full period. Add that to the timing, when so many other IPO deals had gone badly, and we should see some liquidity effect as lockups end and we near the spring buying season.

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Is 2020 A Golden Opportunity To Buy Real Estate? https://www.renthop.com/blog/2020/02/is-2020-a-golden-opportunity-to-buy-real-estate/ Mon, 24 Feb 2020 17:01:12 +0000









https://www.renthop.com/blog/2020/02/is-2020-a-golden-opportunity-to-buy-real-estate/

One of our favorite personal finance and lifestyle blogs is Financial Samurai. Perhaps Financial Ronin would be the better name. Among many topics, probably the most heavily discussed is early retirement and financial independence. Anyway, Sam laid out his arguments for why 2020 is a great time to buy property, even in the coastal tech hubs.

Re-Election Year?

Among the many lengthy arguments, a few are particularly unique to this year. It’s an election year, and presidential candidates know it’s important to keep the economy, stock markets, and housing markets running smoothly. Almost all recent re-election failures occurred because the economy soured leading up to re-election day (George H. W. Bush, Carter, and Hoover certainly count).

 

However, isn’t that more an argument to buy stocks? And the recent 2019 and early 2020 all-time stock highs must have priced that in somewhat (alongside the nice coronavirus backdrop). Everyone knows real estate horizons SHOULD be relatively long. Flipping houses with low down payments is notoriously difficult, even during the bubble years. You always need to overcome a 10% round-trip transaction cost – doable during a powerful run, but hard any other time.

Tax Shock Over

Sam argues the market over-reacted to limitations on SALT deductions. This was part of the Trump tax cuts that helped many business owners and corporations. It also helped people with not much to deduct, because the standard deduction skyrocketed. It supposedly hurt residents of blue states – California, New York, Massachusetts: basically places with high state and local taxes, and high property taxes!

Truth is, those SALT limits are not great for homeowners, but they were much more impactful on high WAGE workers in those areas. In the end, deducting your property taxes and mortgage interest on your primary residence is not going to break the bank. For investors, as long as you become a landlord and actively manage your property 365 days of the year, the new tax treatment as minimal impact. Perhaps vacation home owners were the worst hit!

The Timing Is Right?

We go to the last big argument, that the timing is right. Prices peaked around spring 2018, but went sharply cold by July. Not all parts of the country peaked at the same time, but eventually the different geographies caught up.

 

Found on financial samurai

Real Estate Prices in Seattle and Redmond, WA

One of the markets I personally follow closely is Redmond, WA. That’s because I got my start investing in Redmond, looking at condos with ZipRealty agents when I should have been focusing on my software engineering job at Microsoft. It tends to lag California by 12-18 months. This was true during the 2003-2006 bubble run up, through the 2008-2010 crash, and ultimate recovery. Redmond peaked closer to late 2007, then bottomed later, closer to 2011. The recovery didn’t begin until late 2013 and was only fully back to pre-crash highs in 2016. You can track the pricing for any particular complex on RealtyHop..

Is Now The Time To Buy?

Back to the most important topic, is now the time? We will need to talk through a few more interesting points next time – in particular a tech hub favorite: that IPO liquidity will unlock soon and shower the lands with deep pockets. Also, what sort of capital outflows will flee back to the US as worldwide supply chains and international trade deal with coronavirus and trade war fears (and increased xenophobia)?

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Fundraising by Zip Code – Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support? https://www.renthop.com/studies/national/fundraising-by-zip-code-q4-2019 Tue, 18 Feb 2020 16:45:30 +0000

https://www.renthop.com/studies/national/fundraising-by-zip-code-q4-2019

After the Iowa Caucuses, the biggest question now seems to be “Mayor Pete or Bernie”. Of course, Senator Elizabeth Warren, Senator Amy Klobuchar, and former Vice President Joe Biden still have skin in the game, and Donald Trump, after being acquitted by the Senate, also seems to have a good shot of winning again. As voters trying hard to make up their minds before the election, we at RentHop thought it’s time to look again at the number of unique donors each candidate attracted. This time around, we looked at 20 U.S. cities and each candidate’s fundraising effort by zip code. Below are our key findings:

  • Among the 20 cities in our study, Trump leads in 10 cities, including Jacksonville, Billings, Houston, Las Vegas/North Las Vegas, and Phoenix.
  • Meanwhile, voters in Los Angeles, Denver, and New York are really feeling the bern. Mr. Sanders also leads Chicago, San Jose, Detroit, and Seattle.
  • Mayor Pete leads the unique donor count in Indianapolis. He is also D.C.‘s favorite, with over 2,000 unique donors.
  • While Buttigieg takes the lead in Chicago in terms of the total number of unique donors, Sanders leads in 30 zip codes, 16 more than Buttigieg.
  • Senator Klobuchar secured her home base in Minneapolis with just over 1,200 unique donors attracted as of Q4 2019.
  • Sanders enjoys strong support in some of the most populous U.S. cities, including New York City, where he’s attracted 6,971 unique donors, Los Angeles with 5,165 unique donors, and Chicago, where 1,917 donors have shown support via donations.
  • While Biden falls behind in many cities in terms of individual donations, he currently ranks second in Miami, with a total of 604 unique donors as of Q4 2019, around 250 fewer than Trump.

Click on images to learn more about our findings in each city.









































The background colors indicate which party wins the majority within each city. Blue means that the Democratic Party has attracted over 55% of the unique donors, red means that the Republican Party has attracted over 55% of the unique donors, and purple means that none of the parties has reached 55%.


Billings, MT

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights Billings and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors supporting Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

It is clear from the interactive graph above the map that President Donald Trump is the candidate which had the most unique donors at the end of the fourth quarter. In December, Trump had a total of 142 unique donors, while runner-up, Joe Biden had a total of 91. Coming third was Bernie Sanders with a total of 35 unique donors.

Looking at the map, the colors vary. The city of Billings only has four zip codes, so it was easy to analyze the numbers from Q4. In terms of which party held the majority of donor share (55% +), the Democratic party secured two zip codes, the Republican party one zip code, while one zip code went unclaimed by majority. President Trump secured all four zip codes in terms of unique donor count and amount raised.


Charlotte, NC

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights Charlotte and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors supporting Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

For the Charlotte interactive map listed above we see that the colors displayed are vastly blue. However, when we look at the corresponding interactive line graph above the map, we see that President Donald Trump has a significant lead when we look at the numbers for unique donors in December for Charlotte. For the city of Charlotte overall, Donald Trump gained 721 unique donors in December. That is 428 more unique donors compared to the runner-up, Bernie Sanders, who clocked in 293 unique donors in December. Behind Sanders, we have Joe Biden with a total of 200 unique donors in Charlotte for the fourth quarter. So when we look at the number of unique donors overall, Donald Trump is clearly in the lead. But how does the different zip codes stand, politically?

Diving deeper into Charlotte’s zip codes we see that only 3 zip codes are held by the Republican party where the Republican party held 55% + of the share of unique donors for the fourth quarter. For comparison, the Democratic party secured 23 zip codes. 5 zip codes were “neutral”, meaning neither party held 55% + of the share. Taking a closer look at which Presidential candidate made the leaderboard in terms of the most unique donors and amount raised in most zip codes, the winner was President Donald Trump. Trump managed to secure 18 zip codes in terms of most unique donors and 15 zip codes for the highest amount raised. But which zip code donated the most? Let’s break that down as well.

Unique Donors Leaderboard – Top 10 Zip Codes With the Most Unique Donors

We thought we would break down the zip codes with the most donations for the fourth quarter. You can also select the zip codes from the drop-down menu on the map to learn more.

  • Zip code 28277: Trump received 83 unique donors (179 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($29,696.38)
  • Zip code 28173: Trump received 69 unique donors (113 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($38,875.36)
  • Zip code 28226: Trump received 56 unique donors (165 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($35,598)
  • Zip code 28078: Trump received 50 unique donors (106 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($32,325.24)
  • Zip code 28211: Trump received 46 unique donors (124 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($45,395)
  • Zip code 28210: Trump received 41 unique donors (111 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($26,716)
  • Zip code 28205: Sanders received 40 unique donors (118 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Sanders ($11,571.77)
  • Zip code 28270: Trump received 38 unique donors (87 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($16,143.73)
  • Zip code 28269: Trump received 29 unique donors (72 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($11,875.44)
  • Zip code 28207: Biden received 28 unique donors (89 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($67,781)

Chicago, IL

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights Chicago and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors received by Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

Looking at the interactive map it looks like the map is covered mostly in blue. We also see from the corresponding interactive graph above the map that the three Presidential candidates in the lead are from the Democratic party, however not much is separating the top two. At the top, we have Peter Buttigieg, with a total of 1,967 unique donors at the end of the fourth quarter. Right behind we have Bernie Sanders, with a total of 1,917 unique donors. There was only 50 unique donors separating first and second place. Elizabeth Warren ended up with a total of 1,171 unique donors while Trump secured only 672 unique donors in Chicago.

If we look closer at who secured the total amount of zip codes in terms of Presidential candidates and political party, we see that Bernie Sanders secured the most zip codes in terms of unique donors (30 zip codes). Buttigieg came in second with 14 zip codes. When we look at which candidate raised the most money in zip codes we see the findings flip with Buttigieg raising the most in 22 zip codes and Sanders coming in second with 15 zip codes. For which political party had the majority of shares, the Democratic party ended up holding 55% + of the share in 54 zip codes.

Unique Donors Leaderboard – Top 10 Zip Codes With the Most Unique Donors

We thought we would break down the zip codes with the most unique donors for the fourth quarter. You can also select the zip codes from the drop-down menu on the map to learn more.

  • Zip code 60614: Buttigieg received 225 unique donors (675 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($265,507.58)
  • Zip code 60657: Buttigieg received 223 unique donors (589 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($232,306.71)
  • Zip code 60647: Sanders received 204 unique donors (455 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Sanders ($65,793.17)
  • Zip code 60611: Buttigieg received 168 unique donors (611 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($248,298.36)
  • Zip code 60640: Buttigieg received 154 unique donors (442 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($101,713.32)
  • Zip code 60613: Buttigieg received 134 unique donors (390 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($89,944.25)
  • Zip code 60618: Sanders received 131 unique donors (369 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($70,009.03)
  • Zip code 60610: Buttigieg received 126 unique donors (383 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($144,083.39)
  • Zip code 60622: Sanders received 104 unique donors (288 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($49,874.65)
  • Zip code 60625: Sanders received 88 unique donors (258 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($29,712.27)

Dallas, TX

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights Dallas and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors received by Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

As stated above, the map shows where each zip code stands politically and what we see when we look at the map is a spread out political stand for Dallas, when looking at just the colors. Taking a deeper look at Dallas, and how each candidate stand, we see that President Donald Trump is a clear front-runner, with a total of 2,392 unique donors in December. There is a big gap between the front-runner, Donald Trump, and the runner-up, Bernie Sanders. To be specific, 1,740 unique donors separate the two candidates as Bernie Sanders only had 652 unique donors in Dallas in December. Buttigieg ended up in third, with a total of 515 unique donors in Dallas for the fourth quarter.

Overall, Trump secured the most zip codes in terms of the total number of unique donors and amount raised. For unique donors, Trump took the win in 69 zip codes. For the amount raised, Trump took the lead in 68 zip codes. It’s important to note that the colors approach the data from a different angle. We can also note that in terms of zip codes held by a party, the Democratic party held 55 + of the share in 50 zip codes while the Republican party only held the majority share in 19 zip codes. There were 18 zip codes where neither party holds the majority of unique donors share.

Unique Donors Leaderboard – Top 10 Zip Codes With the Most Unique Donors

We thought we would break down the zip codes with the most unique donors for the fourth quarter. You can also select the zip codes from the drop-down menu on the map to learn more.

  • Zip code 75093: Trump received 142 unique donors (253 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($109,782.51)
  • Zip code 75225: Trump received 128 unique donors (255 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($184,134.8)
  • Zip code 75205: Trump received 96 unique donors (253 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($199,300.56)
  • Zip code 75230: Trump received 92 unique donors (245 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($80,256.02)
  • Zip code 75248: Trump received 78 unique donors (174 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($46,804.6)
  • Zip code 75219: Trump received 73 unique donors (283 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($81,293.46)
  • Zip code 75229: Trump received 56 unique donors (203 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($44,639)
  • Zip code 75214: Trump received 54 unique donors (247 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($40,198.76)
  • Zip code 75206: Trump received 39 unique donors (203 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($51,012.2)
  • Zip code 75209: Trump received 37 unique donors (168 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($62,274.28)

Denver, CO

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights Denver and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors received by Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

It appears the donor share % is mostly Democratic in Denver, and the race for donations appears to be between Presidential candidate Bernie Sanders and President Donald Trump. Bernie Sanders received a total of 1,116 unique donors in Denver for the fourth quarter. Trump was a bit behind, with a total of 865. Coming in third is Elizabeth Warren, with a total of 552 unique donors in Denver. Now let’s break down the zip code leaders.

As we mentioned in the paragraph above, it does appear that the donor share % is mostly Democratic in Denver. In fact, the Democratic party held 55% + of the share of unique donors in 46 zip codes while the Republican party only had the majority in 3 zip codes. For the Presidential candidate that secured the most zip codes in terms of unique donors that honor went to Bernie Sanders, who took the lead in 23 zip codes. For amount raised, Donald Trump took the lead in total 18 zip codes in Denver.

Unique Donors Leaderboard – Top 10 Zip Codes With the Most Unique Donors

We thought we would break down the zip codes with the most unique donors for the fourth quarter. You can also select the zip codes from the drop-down menu on the map to learn more.

  • Zip code 80203: Sanders received 84 unique donors (177 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Sanders ($27,559.51)
  • Zip code 80206: Bennet received 69 unique donors (440 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Bennet ($68,423)
  • Zip code 80220: Bennet received 61 unique donors (332 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Bennet ($46,754.75)
  • Zip code 80211: Sanders received 57 unique donors (186 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Sanders ($23,607.25)
  • Zip code 80210: Sanders received 49 unique donors (327 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Bennet ($37,324.12)
  • Zip code 80218: Sanders received 49 unique donors (229 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Bennet ($36,265)
  • Zip code 80209: Bennet received 46 unique donors (355 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($52,042)
  • Zip code 80113: Trump received 43 unique donors (223 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($43,750)
  • Zip code 80202: Sanders received 42 unique donors (303 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($48,019.22)
  • Zip code 80111: Trump received 38 unique donors (192 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($28,000.26)

Detroit, MI

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights Detroit and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors received by Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

We see from the interactive map above that the majority donor share % goes to the Democratic party. To be specific, the Democratic party in Detroit held 55% + of the donor share in 37 zip codes while the Republican party only secured 4 zip codes (5 zip codes were “neutral”). Remember, that only means the aggregated number of unique donors of all the Democratic candidates is higher than the number of unique donors received by Donald Trump in those zip codes. When we break it down by the total number of unique donors, we still see a Democratic candidate in the lead, Bernie Sanders. By the end of the quarter, Sanders received a total of 337 unique donors while Donald Trump received 258.

If we break it down even further, we can see which Presidential candidate took the lead in the most unique donors and amount raised by total zip codes. Sanders was able to secure 25 zip codes in terms of having the most unique donors while President Trump only secured 13. However, for the amount raised Trump secured 13 zip codes in total while Sanders secured 10. Biden followed Sanders with 10 total zip codes for the amount raised.

Unique Donors Leaderboard – Top 10 Zip Codes With the Most Unique Donors

We thought we would break down the zip codes with the most unique donors for the fourth quarter. You can also select the zip codes from the drop-down menu on the map to learn more.

  • Zip code 48236: Trump received 63 unique donors (139 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($45,264.47)
  • Zip code 48220: Sanders received 36 unique donors (81 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Sanders ($17,294.68)
  • Zip code 48230: Trump received 32 unique donors (96 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($22,351)
  • Zip code 48239: Trump received 21 unique donors (47 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($6,630.04)
  • Zip code 48226: Sanders received 18 unique donors (37 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($12,400)
  • Zip code 48202: Sanders received 16 unique donors (45 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($10,000)
  • Zip code 48207: Sanders received 16 unique donors (42 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($4,060)
  • Zip code 48221: Sanders received 13 unique donors (43 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($8,700)
  • Zip code 48146: Trump received 13 unique donors (33 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($5,389.27)
  • Zip code 48214: Sanders & Warren received 8 unique donors each (32 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Warren ($7,110.46)

Houston, TX

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights Houston and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors received by Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

At first glance, without diving deep into the Houston zip codes, we see a colorful interactive map above. As we dig deeper into the zip codes, we’ll most likely see different front runners in different zip codes. However, looking just at Houston as a city we can clearly see that President Donald Trump is the front-runner in terms of unique donors since December. President Trump ended up with a total of 4,274 unique donors in Houston in December. runner-up was Biden, but the number of unique donors is significantly lower, and by lower Biden received 3,285 less unique donors than Trump in Houston for the fourth quarter. Coming in third on the list was Presidential candidate Buttigieg, with a total of 660 unique donors. So what does it look like when we dive deeper into the zip codes instead of looking at the overall city picture?

Looking at the zip code leaderboard for unique donors and for the amount raised, the overall political stand doesn’t change much in Houston. President Trump still remains on top, as he took the lead in terms of unique donors in 112 zip codes in Houston. He also took the lead in 109 Houston zip codes in terms of amount raised from donations. Considering the runners up have significantly lower numbers in terms of securing zip codes in terms of unique donors and amount raised, it’s safe to say Trump has secured Houston when looking at the findings for Q4. In terms of which party held the majority share for the number of unique donors, the Republican party held 55% + of the share in 60 zip codes while the Democratic party only held the majority in 50 zip codes. Now let’s take a closer look at which zip codes had the most unique donors.

Unique Donors Leaderboard – Top 10 Zip Codes With the Most Unique Donors

We thought we would break down the zip codes with the most unique donors for the fourth quarter. You can also select the zip codes from the drop-down menu on the map to learn more.

  • Zip code 77024: Trump received 167 unique donors (359 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($115,120.7).
  • Zip code 77379: Trump received 148 unique donors (216 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($75,996.44).
  • Zip code 77494: Trump received 138 unique donors (241 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($63,898.17).
  • Zip code 77056: Trump received 90 unique donors (207 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($95,817.5).
  • Zip code 77019: Trump received 75 unique donors (319 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden($46,804.6).
  • Zip code 77005: Trump received 69 unique donors (324 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($66,902.68).
  • Zip code 77027: Trump received 56 unique donors (193 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($46,871.81).
  • Zip code 77007: Buttigieg received 50 unique donors (279 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($29,950.97).
  • Zip code 77006: Warren received 49 unique donors (289 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($47,950.64).
  • Zip code 77008: Trump received 46 unique donors (274 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($26,400.59).

Indianapolis, IN

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights Indianapolis and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors received by Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

For the city of Indianapolis, we see that the total number of unique donors by Presidential candidate goes to Peter Buttigieg. In December, Buttigieg had received a total of 982 unique donors. That is only 119 unique donors more than the runner-up, President Donald Trump, but still enough to secure the lead in Indianapolis for the fourth quarter. President Donald Trump had a total of 863 unique donors and there was a bigger gap between Trump and Bernie Sanders, who came in third in total unique donors, with a total of 390 unique donors.

Looking at the interactive map for the city of Indianapolis, we see that color-wise the percentage of donor share is rather spread out throughout the various zip codes. Taking a deeper look at the percentages, we see that the Democratic party held a 55% + donor share in 31 zip codes throughout Indianapolis while the Republican party only secured 10 zip codes in terms of percentage donor share. There were 9 zip codes were neither party held the majority percentage donor share.

The Presidential candidate that secured the most zip codes in terms of unique donors was President Donald Trump with a total of 25 zip codes. Coming in second was Peter Buttigieg with 20 zip codes, 5 zip codes behind Trump. However, in terms of amount raised we see that Buttigieg takes the lead from Trump, securing the win in 25 zip codes while Trump only secured a total of 21 zip codes throughout Indianapolis.

Unique Donors Leaderboard – Top 10 Zip Codes With the Most Unique Donors

We thought we would break down the zip codes with the most unique donors for the fourth quarter. You can also select the zip codes from the drop-down menu on the map to learn more.

  • Zip code 46220: Buttigieg received 113 unique donors (235 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($78,538.89).
  • Zip code 46202: Buttigieg received 71 unique donors (122 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($65,036.7).
  • Zip code 46032: Buttigieg received 67 unique donors (201 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($53,650.67).
  • Zip code 46205: Buttigieg received 60 unique donors (117 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($49,625.62).
  • Zip code 46077: Buttigieg received 54 unique donors (138 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($45,957).
  • Zip code 46143: Trump received 52 unique donors (92 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($20,178.93).
  • Zip code 46240: Buttigieg received 51 unique donors (115 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($39,679.02).
  • Zip code 46260: Buttigieg received 49 unique donors (118 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($29,782.33).
  • Zip code 46037: Trump received 43 unique donors (95 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($16,286.33).
  • Zip code 46256: Buttigieg received 38 unique donors (95 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($28,078.26).

Jacksonville, FL

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights Jacksonville and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors received by Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

Above we see the interactive map of Jacksonville that shows where each zip code stand, politically. By giving the map a brief overlook, it does appear that most Jacksonville zip codes are politically standing with President Trump, based off of the donations numbers alone. We see that Trump received a total of 1,261 unique donors at the end of December. That is a significantly higher number than the runner-up Bernie Sanders, who clocked 215 unique donors in the same time period. That is a difference of 1,046 unique donors. Let’s dive into a deeper analysis of the Jacksonville zip codes and not just Jacksonville overall to see if anything changes.

Our findings remain the same when looking at the individual zip codes compared to Jacksonville as a whole, and that is that President Donald Trump is a clear front-runner. Out of the 41 zip codes in Jacksonville, President Trump secured 37 zip codes in terms of unique donors and 33 zip codes in terms of amount raised. The other candidates on the leaderboard were Sanders, Biden, Yang, and Buttigieg. For the party share, the Republican party secured the majority share in 27 zip codes, while the Democratic party only secured 10 zip codes. There were 5 zip codes where neither party held 55% + of the share.

Unique Donors Leaderboard – Top 10 Zip Codes With the Most Unique Donors

We thought we would break down the zip codes with the most unique donors for the fourth quarter. You can also select the zip codes from the drop-down menu on the map to learn more.

  • Zip code 32034: Trump received 135 unique donors (188 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($58,422.75).
  • Zip code 32259: Trump received 70 unique donors (127 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($31,688.51).
  • Zip code 32256: Trump received 69 unique donors (123 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($24,117.33).
  • Zip code 32250: Trump received 67 unique donors (102 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($31,387.08).
  • Zip code 32224: Trump received 65 unique donors (108 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden($25,224.6).
  • Zip code 32003: Trump received 61 unique donors (92 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($49,617.75).
  • Zip code 32225: Trump received 60 unique donors (95 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($36,539.3).
  • Zip code 32210: Trump received 56 unique donors (90 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($24,044.83).
  • Zip code 32207: Trump received 53 unique donors (94 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($26,912.31).
  • Zip code 32233: Trump received 45 unique donors (89 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($19,443.48).

Kansas City, MO

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights Kansas City and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors received by Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

In terms of where the zip codes stood politically in Kansas City, we see that 33 of the zip codes in Kansas City were zip codes where the Democratic party held 55% + of the donor share for the fourth quarter. The Republican party had 55% + donor share in 11 zip codes. There were 12 zip codes in Kansas City where neither party had the majority of the donor share.

In terms of which Presidential candidate took the lead in total unique donors, we see from the corresponding graph above the interactive map that President Donald Trump is clearly in the lead. Trump received a total of 503 unique donors by the end of Q4 while the runner-up Bernie Sanders received 344 unique donors. Coming in third is Peter Buttigieg with a total of 243 unique donors. For the Presidential candidate scoring the most zip codes in terms of unique donors and amount raised, President Donald Trump took an overwhelming lead securing 34 zip codes for unique donors and 38 zip codes for the amount raised.

Unique Donors Leaderboard – Top 10 Zip Codes With the Most Unique Donors

We thought we would break down the zip codes with the most unique donors for the fourth quarter. You can also select the zip codes from the drop-down menu on the map to learn more.

  • Zip code 64152: Trump received 45 unique donors (90 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($26,399.76).
  • Zip code 64111: Sanders received 36 unique donors (87 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Sanders ($12,930.39).
  • Zip code 64055: Trump received 30 unique donors (56 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($10,179.2).
  • Zip code 64112: Buttigieg received 28 unique donors (67 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($53,746.42).
  • Zip code 64113: Buttigieg received 26 unique donors (79 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($51,196.89).
  • Zip code 64114: Sanders received 24 unique donors (90 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($8,614.54).
  • Zip code 64068: Trump received 22 unique donors (54 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($10,681.74).
  • Zip code 64151: Trump received 21 unique donors (47 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($6,552.69).
  • Zip code 64108: Buttigieg received 19 unique donors (48 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($38,111.44).
  • Zip code 64081: Trump received 18 unique donors (49 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Sanders ($4,480.13).

Las Vegas/North Las Vegas, NV

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights Las Vegas and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors received by Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

While the percentage of donor share by zip code is mostly by the Democratic party, 20 zip codes to be exact, we see that President Donald Trump is the Presidential candidate with the most unique donors for the city of Las Vegas. Specifically, Trump leads the race in Las Vegas with a total of 1,192 unique donors. That is 731 more unique donors that Bernie Sanders was able to collect at the end of Q4. His total ended up being 461 unique donors. Joe Biden is right behind Sanders with a total of 367 unique donors in Las Vegas in December.

It might therefore not be surprising when we say that President Donald Trump was the candidate that secured the most zip codes in terms of unique donors, with a total of 30 zip codes. Donald Trump also took the lead in terms of the most zip codes for the amount raised, with a total of 18 zip codes. For amount raised the runner-up was Biden with a total of 14 zip codes, 4 zip codes short to take the lead.

Unique Donors Leaderboard – Top 10 Zip Codes With the Most Unique Donors

We thought we would break down the zip codes with the most unique donors for the fourth quarter. You can also select the zip codes from the drop-down menu on the map to learn more.

  • Zip code 89135: Trump received 82 unique donors (256 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($142,271.9).
  • Zip code 89117: Trump received 82 unique donors (204 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($81,451).
  • Zip code 89131: Trump received 82 unique donors (134 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($35,730.28).
  • Zip code 89134: Trump received 74 unique donors (170 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($45,621).
  • Zip code 89149: Trump received 51 unique donors (99 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($32,980.12).
  • Zip code 89129: Trump received 48 unique donors (118 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($19,111.2).
  • Zip code 89145: Trump received 46 unique donors (100 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($46,425).
  • Zip code 89128: Trump received 45 unique donors (104 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($23,844).
  • Zip code 89144: Trump received 34 unique donors (87 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($62,095).
  • Zip code 89102: Trump received 20 unique donors (81 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($15,162).

Los Angeles, CA

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights Los Angeles and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors received by Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

From the interactive map we can see that Los Angeles is vastly covered in blue, which indicates a high number of democratic donations. If we take a closer look at the corresponding interactive line graph above the map, we are able to see which Presidential candidate is in the lead, in Los Angeles overall and in different zip codes. Starting with Los Angeles as a whole, the Presidental candidate taking the lead in terms of unique donors as of December 2019 was Bernie Sanders, with an impressive 5,165 unique donors. That is 1,593 more unique donors than the runner-up, which in the fourth quarter was Peter Buttigieg. Coming in third was Donald Trump, 473 unique donors behind Buttigieg, with a total of 3,099 unique donors in December.

When looking more closely at the different Los Angeles zip codes we are able to see which Presidential candidate was able to secure most zip codes in terms of unique donors and amount raised. For unique donors, Bernie Sanders took the lead in 68 zip codes. President Donald Trump came in second, securing the lead in 33 zip codes. For the amount raised, however, Donald Trump was the front-runner, securing 45 zip codes. Sanders came in second taking the win in 28 zip codes while Biden secured 25 zip codes. For the party share, the Democratic party rocked the leaderboard by holding 55% + of the share in an impressive 124 zip codes. The Republican party, however, didn’t secure one zip code in terms of having 55% + of the unique donors share. There were 7 zip codes where neither party had majority.

Unique Donors Leaderboard – Top 10 Zip Codes With the Most Unique Donors

We thought we would break down the zip codes with the most unique donors for the fourth quarter. You can also select the zip codes from the drop-down menu on the map to learn more.

  • Zip code 90069: Buttigieg received 276 unique donors (576 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($297,871.34)
  • Zip code 90046: Buttigieg received 226 unique donors (690 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($261,216.35)
  • Zip code 90026: Sanders received 212 unique donors (471 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Sanders ($69,536.35)
  • Zip code 90049: Buttigieg received 201 unique donors (863 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($287,434)
  • Zip code 90027: Sanders received 188 unique donors (562 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($73,695.25)
  • Zip code 90272: Biden received 135 unique donors (622 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($263,777.5)
  • Zip code 90210: Buttigieg & Trump received 121 unique donors each (575 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($304,113.39)
  • Zip code 90402: Buttigieg received 104 unique donors (463 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($195,674)
  • Zip code 90025: Sanders received 98 unique donors (500 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($145,011)
  • Zip code 90064: Warren received 72 unique donors (481 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($114,477.96)

Memphis, TN

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights Memphis and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors received by Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

For the city of Memphis we see that the percentage of donor share by zip code is pretty tied by the political party. When we look at it deeper, we see that the Republican party holds the lead in terms of holding 55% + of the donor share in 15 zip codes while the Democratic party had the majority in 14 zip codes. There were 4 zip codes in Memphis where neither party had the majority of the percentage donor share.

When we break it down by Presidential candidates we see that President Donald Trump takes the lead in the fourth quarter with a total of 578 unique donors. Second place in terms of total unique donors goes to Bernie Sander; however, he only received a total of 153 unique donors. Biden was right behind Sanders with a total of 129 unique donors. Donald Trump had the most unique donors in 22 zip codes and the highest amount raised in 21 zip codes, racing past the other Presidential candidates by a lot.

Unique Donors Leaderboard – Top 10 Zip Codes With the Most Unique Donors

We thought we would break down the zip codes with the most unique donors for the fourth quarter. You can also select the zip codes from the drop-down menu on the map to learn more.

  • Zip code 38138: Trump received 59 unique donors (104 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($40,932.27).
  • Zip code 38139: Trump received 56 unique donors (92 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($33,364.79).
  • Zip code 38002: Trump received 46 unique donors (62 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($17,769.25).
  • Zip code 38120: Trump received 40 unique donors (67 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($20,296.18).
  • Zip code 38018: Trump received 34 unique donors (60 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($9,167.74).
  • Zip code 38117: Trump received 32 unique donors (74 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($15,832.17).
  • Zip code 38111: Trump received 31 unique donors (82 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($22,591).
  • Zip code 38119: Trump received 29 unique donors (55 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($14,658.1).
  • Zip code 38104: Sanders received 23 unique donors (86 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($11,187.2).
  • Zip code 38103: Biden & Trump received 12 unique donors (57 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($10,118.68).

Miami, FL

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights Miami and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors received by Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

From the first look at the map, we see that the findings are more scattered for Miami than other cities. The majority of zip codes does appear to have a more democratic stand than republican. However, when we look at Miami as a whole, we see that President Donald Trump managed to secure a total of 856 unique donors in Miami in December. Trump secured 252 unique donors more than the runner-up, Joe Biden. But that is just an overall of Miami. Let’s take a deeper look at the zip codes to see if the picture changes.

Looking at which Presidential candidate took the lead in which Miami zip codes, President Donald Trump took the lead in regards to securing the highest number of zip codes in terms of unique donors. Trump managed to secure 17 zip codes, while Sanders secured 8. Both Biden and Buttigieg managed to secure 6 zip codes each in terms of the highest number of unique donors. In regards to the amount raised, Biden took the lead from Trump by taking the lead in 14 zip codes for the amount raised. Trump, however, is right behind with 12 zip codes. Buttigieg secured 5 zip codes, while Sanders secured 4 and Warren secured 2. Now, what were the numbers when we look at how the parties did? In fact, the Democratic party held the majority share in 31 zip codes while the Republican party only managed to hold 55% + of the share in 3 zip codes. 3 zip codes were left without a party winner.

Unique Donors Leaderboard – Top 10 Zip Codes With the Most Unique Donors

We thought we would break down the zip codes with the most unique donors for the fourth quarter. You can also select the zip codes from the drop-down menu on the map to learn more.

  • Zip code 33139: Buttigieg received 91 unique donors (293 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($106,556.06)
  • Zip code 33133: Biden received 81 unique donors (291 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($106,035)
  • Zip code 33156: Trump received 70 unique donors (211 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($58,068.4)
  • Zip code 33134: Trump received 60 unique donors (215 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($74,405)
  • Zip code 33140: Buttigieg received 51 unique donors (177 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($81,799.29)
  • Zip code 33160: Trump received 50 unique donors (120 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($55,694.35)
  • Zip code 33131: Biden received 39 unique donors each (174 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($59,517)
  • Zip code 33143: Biden received 38 unique donors (162 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($48,228)
  • Zip code 33138: Buttigieg received 28 unique donors (123 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($19,160.35)
  • Zip code 33141: Buttigieg received 24 unique donors (98 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($37,306)

Minneapolis, MN

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights Minneapolis and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors received by Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

Looking at the map of Minneapolis there is no doubt where the majority of the city stands, politically, as the entire map is colored in blue. Looking at the numbers, the Democratic party held a 55% + donor share in all 34 zip codes of Minneapolis.

The Presidential candidate with the most unique donors in total was Amy Klobuchar, with a total of 1,202 unique donors in December. In second place we have Bernie Sanders with a total of 904 unique donors and in third we have Elizabeth Warren with 560 unique donors. Klobuchar secured the most zip codes in terms of unique donors, with a total of 17 zip codes. However, Bernie Sanders was right behind with 16 zip codes. For most zip codes in terms of amount raised Amy Klobuchar won by a landslide with a total of 21 out of 34 zip codes.

Unique Donors Leaderboard – Top 10 Zip Codes With the Most Unique Donors

We thought we would break down the zip codes with the most unique donors for the fourth quarter. You can also select the zip codes from the drop-down menu on the map to learn more.

  • Zip code 55419: Klobuchar received 100 unique donors (254 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Klobuchar ($55,830.5)
  • Zip code 55416: Klobuchar received 95 unique donors (281 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Klobuchar ($65,064.3)
  • Zip code 55105: Klobuchar received 89 unique donors (237 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Klobuchar ($62,304.78)
  • Zip code 55403: Klobuchar received 82 unique donors (206 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Klobuchar ($61,935.36)
  • Zip code 55405: Klobuchar received 73 unique donors (185 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Klobuchar ($75,935)
  • Zip code 55410: Klobuchar received 66 unique donors (225 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Klobuchar ($34,544.5)
  • Zip code 55104: Sanders received 64 unique donors each (220 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($25,154.21)
  • Zip code 55406: Sanders & Warren received 57 unique donors (219 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($20,268.37)
  • Zip code 55414: Klobuchar received 52 unique donors (172 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Klobuchar ($46,321.16)
  • Zip code 55408: Sanders received 50 unique donors (176 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Klobuchar ($27,455.49)

New York, NY

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights New York City and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors received by Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

From the interactive map above we can see that for New York City the majority of donor share is democratic, similar to the results of the previous quarter findings. When taking a closer look at the corresponding interactive line graph above the map, we see that Bernie Sanders is the candidate in the lead with 6,971 unique donors in December when looking at New York City overall. If we break down the numbers by boroughs, the findings vary among candidates. While Sanders obtained the lead in the Bronx with a total of 205 unique donors, candidate Donald Trump is right behind with 185 unique donors. Sanders also obtained the lead in Queens (984 unique donors) but again we see that Trump is not far behind (867 unique donors). For the borough of Brooklyn however, Sanders was the clear winner. Coming in at second was Elizabeth Warren but she was far behind Sanders with only 1,791 unique donors compared to Sanders’ number of 2,796 unique donors.

The boroughs of Manhattan and Staten Island had other Presidential candidates in the lead other than Sanders. For Manhattan, the clear candidate in the lead was Peter Buttigieg. In December, Buttigieg had a total of 3,928 unique donors, which was 1,141 more unique donors than Sanders (total of 2,787 unique donors in Manhattan). While Buttigieg might not have been as strong in other boroughs than Manhattan, Buttigieg had the highest number of unique donors by borough in New York City. For the borough of Staten Island, Donald Trump took a clear lead in December with a total of 388 unique donors compared to the runner-up, Sanders, with a total of 127 unique donors.

Taking a deeper look at the leaderboard for the Presidential candidates’ effort in securing the most unique donors and amount raised we see that Bernie Sanders secured 83 zip codes in terms of unique donors. Donald Trump ended up second, with a win totalling 66 zip codes. However, for the amount raised, the findings switch. Trump is now the front-runner, securing 80 zip codes in terms of the amount raised. Bernie Sanders now ranks second, with a total of 55 zip codes. We also want to take a brief look at the numbers for the two parties. Who holds the majority share in New York? Well, the Democratic party holds 55% + of the share in 182 zip codes while the Republican party only held the majority in 16 zip codes. 17 zip codes were “neutral”.

Unique donors Leaderboard – Top 10 Zip Codes With the Most Unique Donors

We thought we would break down the zip codes with the most unique donors for the fourth quarter. You can also select the zip codes from the drop-down menu on the map to learn more.

  • Zip code 10011: Buttigieg received 416 unique donors (1,251 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($638,260.45)
  • Zip code 10023: Buttigieg received 339 unique donors (1,260 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($556,375.45)
  • Zip code 10024: Buttigieg received 288 unique donors (1,395 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($432,055.12)
  • Zip code 11215: Warren received 283 unique donors (934 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Warren ($117,530.24)
  • Zip code 10025: Warren received 262 unique donors (1,221 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($224,131.18)
  • Zip code 11201: Warren received 220 unique donors (1,027 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($184,768.11)
  • Zip code 10003: Buttigieg received 210 unique donors each (912 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($369,550.15)
  • Zip code 10021: Biden received 198 unique donors (833 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($535,273.95)
  • Zip code 10128: Buttigieg received 182 unique donors (972 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($325,592.22)
  • Zip code 10028: Biden received 147 unique donors (852 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($285,872.31)

Phoenix, AZ

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights Phoenix and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors received by Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

From a quick look at the interactive map of Phoenix, it appears the zip codes are rather divided in terms of what their political stance is. However, looking at Phoenix overall we can see from the corresponding interactive line graph above that President Donald Trump has a big lead in the city. At the end of the fourth quarter in December, President Trump had received 2,141 unique donors, 1,312 more unique donors than Phoenix’s runner-up, Bernie Sanders. Sanders had received a total of 829 unique donors in December while Buttigieg had a total of 419 unique donors.

When we break down the party share, the Democratic party holds 55% + of the share in 29 zip codes in Phoenix. The Republican party holds the majority in 19 zip codes. There are currently 19 zip codes where neither party holds 55% + of the share. In terms of which Presidential candidate took the lead in terms of the total amount of zip codes secured in terms of unique donors and amount raised, President Donald Trump is the clear winner securing 49 zip codes for unique donors and 55 zip codes in terms of the highest amount raised from donations.

Unique Donors Leaderboard – Top 10 Zip Codes With the Most Unique Donors

We thought we would break down the zip codes with the most unique donors for the fourth quarter. You can also select the zip codes from the drop-down menu on the map to learn more.

  • Zip code 85255: Trump received 217 unique donors (372 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($178,002.83)
  • Zip code 85253: Trump received 116 unique donors (217 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($113,538.26)
  • Zip code 85383: Trump received 109 unique donors (166 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($46,279.95)
  • Zip code 85308: Trump received 87 unique donors (140 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($37,858.22)
  • Zip code 85254: Trump received 84 unique donors (173 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($41,502.21)
  • Zip code 85331: Trump received 83 unique donors (136 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($40,257.79)
  • Zip code 85251: Trump received 69 unique donors each (143 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($36,230.91)
  • Zip code 85018: Trump received 56 unique donors (164 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($54,850.98)
  • Zip code 85016: Trump received 47 unique donors (149 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($26,011.34)
  • Zip code 85282: Sanders received 45 unique donors (143 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($12,225.41)

San Jose, CA

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights San Jose and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors received by Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

Viewing the interactive map above the map clearly shows that the total number of unique donors are mostly Democratic donations. Looking at San Jose as a whole, the front-runner Presidential candidate is Bernie Sanders. In December, Sanders had a total of 1,160 unique donors in San Jose. However, that is only 198 unique donors more than the runner-up, which in this case was President Donald Trump, who had a total of 962 unique donors by December. Coming in at third is Presidential candidate Andrew Yang, who had a total of 615 unique donors in San Jose by December. The gap between runner-up and third is slightly bigger than for the front-runner and the runner-up, but the difference is only 347 unique donors. Note, that unique donors don’t mean amount raised so while the total number of unique donors might be higher with one candidate than another, the amount raised might be higher for another candidate and vice versa. However, the unique donor counts give an indication of which Presidential candidate the people are standing by.

By looking at the Q4 numbers, we also see that Bernie Sanders took the lead in 20 zip codes throughout San Jose in terms of unique donors. The runner-up was Trump, with a total of 13 zip codes. For the amount raised, however, the numbers change a bit. Now, we have a tie between Presidential candidate Andrew Yang and President Donald Trump in terms of holding the most zip codes for the amount raised. Both Yang and Trump secured 12 zip codes each, while Sanders secured 8, Buttigieg secured 7, and Warren secured 1. If we look at who dominated in terms of the party share, the Democratic party held 55% + of the share in 39 zip codes, while the Republican party had none. 1 zip code was “neutral”.

Unique Donors Leaderboard – Top 10 Zip Codes With the Most Unique Donors

We thought we would break down the zip codes with the most unique donors for the fourth quarter. You can also select the zip codes from the drop-down menu on the map to learn more.

  • Zip code 95014: Sanders received 75 unique donors (344 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Yang ($66,776.88)
  • Zip code 95112: Sanders received 74 unique donors (245 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($34,041.17)
  • Zip code 95070: Yang received 71 unique donors (319 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Yang ($70,494.13)
  • Zip code 95037: Sanders received 65 unique donors (173 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($56,501.09)
  • Zip code 95125: Sanders received 63 unique donors (313 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($47,570.1)
  • Zip code 95126: Sanders received 61 unique donors (209 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($31,284.56)
  • Zip code 95008: Sanders received 57 unique donors each (225 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Yang ($28,626.83)
  • Zip code 95123: Sanders received 50 unique donors (184 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($18,817.8)
  • Zip code 95124: Sanders received 47 unique donors (193 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($34,216.8)
  • Zip code 95032: Buttigieg received 40 unique donors (181 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Trump ($56,205.28)

Seattle, WA

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights Seattle and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors received by Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

For Seattle, the interactive map shows all of Seattle’s zip codes covered in blue. Looking at the numbers to support the colors, we see that the Democratic party had the majority donor share (55% + of the donor share) in all of Seattle’s 37 zip codes. So just from the map, it seems the residents of Seattle are mostly supporting the Democratic candidates. But which candidate is taking the lead, according to the Q4 numbers?

Breaking it down by Presidential candidates, we see that Bernie Sanders received a total of 2,382 unique donors at the end of Q4. The runner-up candidate was Elizabeth Warren, with a total of 1,850 unique donors. Coming third is Peter Buttigieg, with a total of 1,317 unique donors. President Donald Trump only received a total of 528 unique donors in Seattle for Q4. Furthermore, Sanders took the lead in a total of 23 out of 37 zip codes in terms of the highest number of unique donors while Buttigieg secured most zip codes (12 out of 37) in terms of the highest amount raised.

Unique Donors Leaderboard – Top 10 Zip Codes With the Most Unique Donors

We thought we would break down the zip codes with the most unique donors for the fourth quarter. You can also select the zip codes from the drop-down menu on the map to learn more.

  • Zip code 98103: Sanders received 220 unique donors (679 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Warren ($78,681.68)
  • Zip code 98122: Sanders received 163 unique donors (536 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($86,500.78)
  • Zip code 98115: Sanders received 150 unique donors (580 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Warren ($66,358.78)
  • Zip code 98102: Sanders received 146 unique donors (467 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($76,340.26)
  • Zip code 98118: Sanders received 117 unique donors (330 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Sanders ($51,827.97)
  • Zip code 98112: Warren received 112 unique donors (520 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($158,510.99)
  • Zip code 95008: Warren received 104 unique donors each (385 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Warren ($47,293.15)
  • Zip code 98109: Sanders received 104 unique donors (365 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($48,284)
  • Zip code 98105: Sanders received 94 unique donors (341 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($48,936.63)
  • Zip code 98119: Sanders received 78 unique donors (337 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($60,702.21)

Washington D.C.

Which Candidate Does Your Neighbor Support?

The interactive map below highlights Washington D.C. and its zip codes. More detailed, the map shows where each zip code stands, politically, and which presidential candidate is the front-runner in each zip code. By clicking on the zip code or selecting from the drop-down menu, you will get more information on which candidate is the front-runner and which candidate raised the most money in donations in that specific zip code. For a more detailed analysis of how each candidate is doing in the same zip code, view the corresponding interactive line graph above the map.

 


Blue zip codes are zip codes where the aggregated number of unique donors of all Democratic candidates (including past and current candidates) is higher than the number of unique donors received by Trump, Walsh, and Weld (mostly Trump), and red zip codes are areas where the Republican candidates attracted more unique donors than all Democratic candidates combined.

From the map, we see that Washington D.C. is following the same trend as Seattle, with all of its zip codes being covered in blue. Out of Washington D.C.’s 28 zip codes, the Democratic party held a 55% + share of the unique donors for the fourth quarter in all of the city’s zip codes. There were no zip codes throughout Washington D.C. where the Republican party and President Trump had a significant lead in terms when looking at the Q4 numbers.

For the individual Presidential candidates, the front-runner in Washington D.C. was Peter Buttigieg, with a total of 2,167 unique donors. The runner-up was Elizabeth Warren, with a total of 1,346 unique donors, 821 fewer donors than Buttigieg. Peter Buttigieg was also the front-runner in terms of securing the most zip codes when looking at the total number of unique donors and the amount raised. Buttigieg secured 16 zip codes for total unique donors and 15 zip codes for highest amount raised in Washington D.C.

Unique Donors Leaderboard – Top 10 Zip Codes With the Most Unique Donors

We thought we would break down the zip codes with the most unique donors for the fourth quarter. You can also select the zip codes from the drop-down menu on the map to learn more.

  • Zip code 20009: Buttigieg received 330 unique donors (909 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($259,174.62)
  • Zip code 20008: Buttigieg received 238 unique donors (887 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($237,568.75)
  • Zip code 20001: Buttigieg received 228 unique donors (710 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($175,379.3)
  • Zip code 20016: Buttigieg received 224 unique donors (922 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($285,302.62)
  • Zip code 20002: Buttigieg received 195 unique donors (694 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($137,965.04)
  • Zip code 20007: Buttigieg received 175 unique donors (651 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Biden ($242,692.72)
  • Zip code 20003: Buttigieg received 154 unique donors each (524 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($101,951.67)
  • Zip code 20015: Buttigieg received 120 unique donors (440 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($124,269.91)
  • Zip code 20010: Warren received 112 unique donors (345 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($57,843.85)
  • Zip code 20011: Buttigieg received 86 unique donors (389 total unique donors) / highest amount raised was for Buttigieg ($50,798.01)

Methodology

The campaign donations data was retrieved from the FEC. Note that the dataset only includes individual receipts and has yet to be categorized and coded by the FEC as of Feb 10th, 2020. It is pulled directly from each committee’s raw, electronic reports, and does not include paper filings. The city shapefiles were retrieved from the < a href="https://www.census.gov/">U.S. Census Bureau. In terms of unique donors, we deduped by names, zip codes, and committee names. We adopted 5-digit zip codes for this report as not all candidates collect 9-digit zip codes. We then grouped the zip codes by their respective cities and further analyzed the data by each candidate. People that have changed their names or moved in between donations could artificially inflate these numbers.

Frequently Asked Questions about Our Election Studies

1. Why would Trump be leading in a Blue city?

This is related to the nature of the primary. As we all know, there are currently 11 Democrats running for President in 2020, and so the support is divided among them. Meanwhile, while the Republican Party has 3 candidates running, all the support is gravitating towards Donald Trump, and therefore he alone could receive support from more unique donors than any single Democratic candidate.

2. Why should we care about unique donors?

While the dollar amount raised is important for candidates, we believe that it is more crucial to understand how many unique donors each candidate has attracted, as each unique donor potentially means one vote, and by measuring donor counts, it gives us a better idea of how many people support each candidate.

3. How is the party majority calculated?

The party majority is calculated using the aggregated unique donor count of a party and the aggregated unique donor count from Jan 1st to December 31st, 2019. For instance, if Democratic candidates attracted a total of 200 unique donors, and the total number of unique donors within a city is 500, then the Democratic share would be 40%. In terms of the color shades, purple areas are whether neither the Democratic candidates combined nor Trump has more than 55% of the donors. Light blue and light red represent zip codes where the party has 55% to 70% of the donors, and blue or red represents a majority of 70% and more.

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New Broker Fee Laws in NYC – 2020 https://www.renthop.com/blog/2020/02/new-yorks-new-broker-fee-regulations/ Wed, 12 Feb 2020 21:10:00 +0000

https://www.renthop.com/blog/2020/02/new-yorks-new-broker-fee-regulations/

 

On January 31, 2020, the New York Department of State issued guidance holding that a “landlord’s agent” may no longer collect a broker fee from a tenant. Below is an excerpt of the guidance itself:

 

Despite click-bait headlines proclaiming “No More Broker Fees,” a key point often overlooked in media reports is that the guidance only applies to landlord’s agents, meaning that an agent who represents a tenant (rather than the landlord) can still collect a broker fee from that tenant.

From a renter’s point of view, it can be difficult to tell whether they are working with a “landlord’s agent” or a “tenant’s agent” when looking for an apartment.

The clearest example of a landlord’s agent would be an agent who has an exclusivity agreement with the landlord, meaning that they are the only agent permitted to market and rent the apartment. Such an agent would almost certainly be prohibited from collecting a fee from renter under the new guidance.

However, the majority of apartments in New York City are “open listings” — meaning that no single agent has an exclusive right to advertise and rent the apartment. Open listings are generally shown by “tenant’s agents” — these are agents that don’t have a preexisting relationship with the landlord.

While a tenant’s agent is technically allowed to collect a fee from a renter even under the new rules, it’s important to note that many (if not most) open listings are “no fee” because the landlord has agreed to pay a broker fee (an “OP” — owner pays) to the first agent to bring them a viable tenant.

If an agent states that an apartment is no fee, the tenant shouldn’t be concerned about whether they’re working with a “landlord’s agent” or a “tenant’s agent” because they won’t be paying a fee regardless of the agent’s classification.

That said, some open listings may not be offering an OP to the agent, and in those cases, because the renter is working with a tenant’s agent, the tenant may be on the hook to pay the agent’s broker fee.

Given the recent guidance, agents are incentivized to be extremely clear at the outset of their relationship with a tenant that they are acting as a “tenant’s agent” and are permitted to a collect a fee from the tenant.

And from a renter’s point of view, it’s always best practice to ask your agent whether they’ll be showing you apartments that carry a fee before heading out.

All that said, the dirty little secret of NYC rentals is that apartments charging a fee are often the best deals on the market. “No fee” apartments generally carry a higher monthly rent because the landlord bakes the cost of paying the broker fee into the rent price. In many cases, apartments with fees carry lower monthly rents and can be incredibly good finds, particularly if the tenant doesn’t plan on moving for a few years and can offset the cost of the fee over several lease renewals.

On February 13, 2020, a New York State judge issued a temporary restraining order halting the enforcement of the new guidance until the court is able to adjudicate whether the Department of State applied the underlying law properly. So for at least the next month, broker fee rules will not be in effect. But if the court at its next hearing on March 13 decides to uphold the Department of State’s guidance, the distinction between a “landlord’s agent” and a “tenant’s agent” will become more important than ever.

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Where Does the Train of Rising Rents Stop in Boston (2020)? https://www.renthop.com/studies/boston/where-does-the-train-of-rising-rents-stop-in-boston-2020 Wed, 05 Feb 2020 16:00:43 +0000

https://www.renthop.com/studies/boston/where-does-the-train-of-rising-rents-stop-in-boston-2020

Boston’s T is one of the largest rapid transit systems in the nation, behind New York City and Chicago and similar in size to Washington D.C. This means hundreds of thousands of people rely on the MBTA system to get them to and from work, school, yoga classes, and whatever else they may need. It is no wonder proximity to the T is one of the first things people consider when searching for an apartment in Boston. As important as it is, RentHop’s data scientists want to give you a hand with your apartment search by mapping out median rents by each T train stop.

Our key findings this year include:
  • Overall, one-bedroom median rent in Boston went up 3.6% from 2019 to 2020.
  • Rents increased at 88 stops across all train lines and decreased at 27 stops. 6 stops experienced no change in the past year.
  • Median rent went up 14.6% at Heath Street (Green), mostly driven up by the newly launched 201 South Huntington Avenue, a high-end apartment building that’s only 0.2 miles away from the stop.
  • Median rent went up 10.0% at both Boston University East and Boston University Central, mostly owing to 839 Beacon Street. This also resulted in a 8.0% rent growth around the Fenway station.

Our Interactive T Map Displays All Stops With Respective Rents and YoY Fluctuations

 


To calculate the median rent for the map above, we used RentHop rental data for one-bedroom apartments from October 2019 to January 2020 and from October 2018 to January 2019, as well as MBTA GIS data for T stops from Mass.gov. To get accurate prices near the subway stops, we looked first at non-duplicated listings within 0.62 miles of an MBTA stop and if there were 50 unique data points we calculated the median. If not, the radius from the stop was increased to 1.2 miles and the data was resampled to ensure enough unique listings were used when calculating the median.

Ride the Train to Savings

 
Would you travel an extra stop to save a couple hundred dollars? How about for $1,200? The list below represents the largest price disparities between each stop. This could be because the stops on the edge of a neighborhood and rents dropped at one stop while prices soared at the other, or all of the above. It is also possible that the typical one-bedroom apartment near one stop is very different from an apartment just one stop away.

Greater Boston remains to be one of the most expensive rental markets in the U.S. In total, 88 stops experienced rent growth this year, 13 more than in 2019. Tufts Medical Center continued to be one of the most expensive MBTA stops, with a median rent of $3,560, 4.6% higher than last year. Most stations in Cambridge experienced price increase, except for Porter (-2.8%) and Davis (-1.3%).

These stops saw the biggest rent drops on one-bedroom apartments
  • Eliot – Green Line: $2,100, YoY -6.7%
  • Prudential – Green Line: $2,900, YoY -6.5%
  • Roxbury Crossing – Orange Line: $2,248, YoY -4.3%
  • Longwood Medical Area – Green Line: $2,250, YoY -4.3%
  • Brigham Circle – Green Line: $2,250, YoY -4.3%
These stops saw some of the biggest rent hikes
  • Heath Street – Green Line: $2,350, YoY 14.6%
  • Boston University East – Green Line: $2,750, YoY 10.0%
  • Boston University Central – Green Line: $2,750, YoY 10.0%
  • Haymarket – Green/Orange Line: $3,125, YoY 9.6%
  • Saint Pual Street – Green Line: $2,670, YoY 9.0%
Turn your commute into extra cash at these stops
  • Save $1,247  between Aquarium ($3,397) and Maverick ($2,150) – Blue Line
  • Save $1,100  between Back Bay ($3,600) and Massachusetts Ave ($2,500) – Orange Line
  • Save $900 between Broadway ($3,300) and Andrew ($2,400) – Orange Line
  • Save $649  between Kendall/MIT ($3,149) and Central ($2,500) – Red Line
  • Save $600  between Copley ($3,100) and Hynes Convention Center ($2,500) – Green Line

Love Our Map? There is a Condensed Map for Easy Sharing

 

Click on the Map For High Resolution

What Does This Mean for You?

 
Finding an apartment in Boston certainly isn’t easy. Deciding where to live and starting your search can be the most difficult step. By giving you as much information about the market as possible, RentHop wants to point you in the right direction. This map is just one of the data-backed insights we offer. All of our Boston apartment for rent are ranked using available data to ensure that renters always see the best quality apartments.

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How Not To Die: Weight Loss Edition https://www.renthop.com/blog/2020/02/how-not-to-die-weight-loss-edition/ Sat, 01 Feb 2020 21:11:00 +0000








https://www.renthop.com/blog/2020/02/how-not-to-die-weight-loss-edition/

We previously discussed how Paul Graham’s famous How Not To Die essay applies well to the world of NYC rental brokers. Now that renter paid broker fees disappearing (unless it’s overturned), it’s more important than ever to be both engaged and flexible. Some people will need to pivot their business models. Some will do fine as is. But the most important thing is not to panic and shut down.

Make Failure Public and Embarrassing

The second key point in How Not To Die is to set yourself up for embarrassing failure. Although many founders begin their ventures with dreams of “having an impact” or generating great wealth, the harsh realities of the startup world are brutally demoralizing. When the going gets tough, who are the weak hands who quickly fold, citing the “fail fast” advice?

Y Combinator discovered founders are more concerned about the high embarrassment of failure than the allure of riches. Lawrence and I experienced this many times in the early RentHop days, and we nearly gave up MANY times. Octopart had a challenging start (who doesn’t?). But Andres Morey and Sam Wurzel found themselves on the cover of Newsweek with “Meet The Next billionaires” printed on their chests. PG predicted they were sure to succeed (and years later they did).

No Excuses For Failure

When you proclaim your intent loudly and proudly, there is no turning back. When you don’t, you can quietly disappear. This second mental hack of publicly declaring your intent is more actionable and effective than the first hack (to keep dedicating efforts and reporting progress). So here goes, time to put my ego on the line…

Losing Weight

Let’s see if the trick carries over to a different venture that boasts a similar 90%-plus failure rate: weight loss. For most of my adult life, I was moderately overweight with a BMI between 28-30. When Lawrence and I tried our hand becoming NYC apartment finders, I spent hours every day walking the streets of Manhattan, climbing many walkups. I lost a lot of weight, and that’s a true story I’ve told many times.

But those first few pounds were easy to lose just by introducing some more physical activity into my life. The later portion of my weight loss wasn’t so easy. It required an actual lifestyle shift and realistic goal setting. It would eventually span 6 months and 24 pounds from 160 to 136 (the initial top weight was 170 shortly after Demo Day).

 

That was 2010 and 2011, and unfortunately 9 years later, I’m married and creeping back up at alarming rate! The goal is to drop to 145 by April 18th, the date of a planned Carnival cruise (whether we take it is another matter, given all the coronavirus quarantines). That requires 0.5 pounds per week, or an average 250 calorie deficit per day for the next 9 weeks. If that works out, another 10 weeks brings me down to 140 by July 4th weekend!

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Websites Serving The NYC Short-Term, Sublet, Rental Spectrum https://www.renthop.com/blog/2020/01/websites-serving-the-nyc-short-term-sublet-rental-spectrum/ Thu, 23 Jan 2020 15:40:37 +0000






https://www.renthop.com/blog/2020/01/websites-serving-the-nyc-short-term-sublet-rental-spectrum/

When people mention sublet websites, there are seemingly many choices in a crowded space. That’s weird, because Harvard Business School professors Peter Coles, Ben Edelman, and Mike Luca found that a strong marketplace network effect should consolidate the ecosystem into a few winners.

Why So Many Sublet Websites In New York City?

Each sublet website actually serves a different occupancy duration niche along the spectrum of sublet rentals. The key to understanding the sublet market is to break down tenants and landlords into categories by length of stay.

Vacation Stays: Airbnb / VRBO / Booking.com

The ultra short term housing sites operate more like inns and small hotels. Guests come for a week or two, sometimes only a weekend, and occasionally just one night. Airbnb is by far the largest marketplace by almost any measure, but we should mention Booking.com’s increasing inventory of short-term housing. Booking.com aggregates hotel listings and runs a much larger hotel inventory, comparable to Expedia. But they’ve got their eyes on short-term and have heavily recruited hosts to their platform.

Short-Term Housing / Serviced Apartments

There is an industry built around corporate professionals relocating to new cities, and New York City is full of them. Sometimes called corporate housing or serviced apartments, these units are designed for stays of one to three months. They are generally too short to be of interest for brokers, and too long to fall under the hotel and vacation stay category.

Unfortunately, this is one of the most fragmented of all markets. You wouldn’t want to rent one of these sight-unseen, if you can avoid it. That rules out sites that collect payment up front, such as Airbnb. But no one can grind out a living showing 1-month stays all day long; even if there were great deals, who would pay the commission?

To find serviced apartments, you will need to do most of the legwork on your own. To start, try the extended-stay sections of your favorite hotel search sites, and you can find monthly occupancy rates. Still, not many buildings can list themselves on Expedia and Priceline, so you should also scour ads on social media and Craigslist.

Lease Breaking Websites

People still call these sublets when searching on Google, but a lease break can take many forms. If a tenant needs to leave mid-lease, it’s important to loop in the landlord to find out your options. Sometimes, the landlord will want someone to assign the remainder of the lease; other times the new tenant signs an entirely new lease (potentially with a fee to the breaker). The duration of stay tends to be 3 to 9 months in the assignment case.

Sublets and For Rent By Owner Listings

Sublets are a broad term, but some of the best sublet deals come from For Rent By Owner listings. You can search on RentHop for NYC Sublets of both types – a condo owner with an exclusive for example, or a lease breaker with landlord willing to renew for 12 months.

When searching for sublets, the listings will often be interchangeable with full-fledged landlord listings for vacant apartments, or brokered exclusives looking for 12 month or longer lease. In that case, is there an advantage to having a separate section?

 

RentHop Sublet Solution: FRBO Postings, Multiple Search Categories

When catering to the For Rent By Owner crowd, our team realized they clearly have different needs than the leasing office of a large building. Safety and verification is much more important for individual owners, as they likely won’t have any online presence or reliable research the poster prior to meeting.

On the outward facing search result for consumers, we do mix the results and provide special filters and tags We tag them with a special “By Owner” tag, so you can filter for them, and we require the full address be shown on the listing. Next time we will discuss the search-engine side features we built to help you find the best sublet, leasebreak, and FRBO deals.

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Breaking Down The Stratus, REBNY, RLS, And Perchwell Claims https://www.renthop.com/blog/2020/01/breaking-down-the-stratus-rebny-rls-and-perchwell-claims/ Wed, 22 Jan 2020 14:02:03 +0000








https://www.renthop.com/blog/2020/01/breaking-down-the-stratus-rebny-rls-and-perchwell-claims/

Yesterday we discussed the Game of Thrones level drama that has erupted between the various REBNY and RLS vendors. We obtained and read through some of the claims laid out in the Stratus Data Systems demand letter to REBNY. Here are some key arguments.

REBNY and Stratus Always Agreed On Data Ownership

Usually these API and data disputes are at the heart of who owns the data. REBNY seems to have that covered in their original contract with Stratus. No one seems to dispute that the data belongs to the brokerages, and Stratus the vendor never owned the data.

Data Schema, Software Methodology, and API Design In Dispute

However, Stratus claims the way they crafted the data schema is proprietary. Moreover, vendors using the system were prohibited from reverse-engineering or copying the software and related methods for distributing the RLS Data of New York apartment listings, and how they syndicate to NYC real estate marketplace portal websites.

 

In the NYC ecosystem, RentHop and RealtyHop are Syndication Portals.  Client Vendors include RealtyMX, Nestio, OLR, and Perchwell.  A separate company usually implements the RETS server.  (Hat tip  Wright Strategy Advisors)

Perchwell Replacement Is a URL Change To Identical System

As evidence that Perchwell is in violation of the agreement, Stratus points out REBNY alledgedly told other vendors that transitioning to Perchwell would be seamless. No methods of querying, inserting, or reading data from the RLS will require changes. The only changes would be a URL change to point to a new server, and a new set of credentials.

Of course, Perchwell and REBNY had planned further modifications, but Stratus claims the initial transition is a reverse-engineering of their proprietary systems and a violation of their agreement.

Both Systems Use Industry-Standard RETS specification and API

To make things more complicated, the Stratus system is compliant with a widely used industry standard called RETS. It is neither an API or a schema, but a data transport standard. It mandates many of the API calls that a RETS server should implement, a general way of laying out the data schema, AND a query language for inserting and selecting data.

There are many RETS implementations already out in the world, many open source. However, details of how to make a local marketplace fit into a RETS implementation is left unspecified.

That’s a good idea, because it allows the local brokers and websites to accommodate local peculiarities. For example, in some cities the property types will be “House” vs “Mobile Home” vs “Farm”. In NYC, you instead see “Condo”, “Co-op”, and “Townhouse“.

No Stolen Code, No Stolen Data, Industry-Standard API, Proprietary Implementation Of Schema

So where does that leave us? No one has stolen any code or any data! However, did they steal by reverse engineering the proprietary technology architecture? Is it proprietary when we are talking about a widely used industry standard, but with customizations tailored to the New York market?

For the geeks out there, it’s not quite like REST, which is purely a transport standard on top of HTTP. RETS clearly mandates some real estate specific endpoints, methods of querying, and an architecture built around iterating through a multiple listings service.

But it’s also not the same as a ready-to-use SQL schema where all tables, columns, and indexes are in place, and all that is left to do is drop in the data. RETS requires the implementation to think carefully about what data fields are necessary and how they might be linked. For example, is every listing part of a unit? Is every unit a part of a building? Can a unit be part of two buildings?

I am not a lawyer. I am not an expert in IP law. However, I am a data nerd, software engineer, and real estate enthusiast. We will continue the 3rd part of our analysis next time!

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Battery Park City and FiDi Rank the Most Livable Neighborhoods in NYC https://www.renthop.com/studies/nyc/nyc-neighborhood-livability-index-q1-2020 Wed, 22 Jan 2020 14:00:53 +0000

https://www.renthop.com/studies/nyc/nyc-neighborhood-livability-index-q1-2020

Finding the right apartment is never easy, especially in the City of New York.

To find the right apartment, we need to first identify the right neighborhood. But how do we do that? Well, this is where data science comes in handy. Instead of blindly recommending neighborhoods based on how “hip” they are, the Data Science team at RentHop crunched the numbers and ranked the NYC neighborhoods by livability. We all know that as people, we value different things. For some, finding an apartment in a quiet neighborhood is of the highest priority, while for others the number of subway stops in the area is just as important. We believe, by analyzing the pros and cons of each neighborhood, we can help renters make an informed decision and find the perfect apartment in less time. The findings will be released in our quarterly RentHop Neighborhood Livability Index.

Our findings this quarter include:

    • Battery Park City-Lower Manhattan ranks the best neighborhood among 150+ NYC neighborhoods. The NTA, which includes FiDi and Battery Park City, has 14 subway stops, or 20.5 per sq mi, with a renter-friendliness score of 94.4. However, it is not cheap to enjoy such convenience – the median 1BR rent is $3,749 in this neighborhood. [Neighborhood Livability Infographic]
    • Brooklyn Heights-Cobble Hill makes the second in NYC and top in Brooklyn with a high cleanliness score of 94.7, which means that the residents experience fewer poop complaints and rodent sightings. [Neighborhood Livability Map]
    • Washington Heights South suffers a low renter-friendliness score. This is mainly due to heat complaints – the neighborhood received 640.2 heat complaints/10k households from October 16, 2019, to January 15, 2020. It also received lots of housing maintenance code violations. In total, 914 violations, or 338/10k households were issued during the same time period.
    • Midtown-Midtown South, while being the healthiest neighborhood in New York City, saw the most motor vehicle collisions. From October 16, 2019, to January 15, 2020, the neighborhood saw 813 collisions, or 220 collisions/10k population.
    • Surprisingly, the popular North Side-South Side (commonly known as Williamsburg) only scored 70.6, mainly due to its poor performance in the Cleanliness and Quietness categories. While receiving no poop complaints, the neighborhood saw 56 rodent complaints, or 29.2/10k households, which brought its cleanliness score to 75.0. Meanwhile, the neighborhood received 452 noise complaints, or 235.8/10k households, therefore earning only 69.9 in the quietness category.
    • Ft. Totten-Bay Terrace-Clearview, Bayside-Bayside Hills, and Fresh Meadows-Utopia are the top three neighborhoods in Queens, scoring 79.2, 78.1, and 78.0 respectively. [Top 5 Neighborhoods in Queens]
    • The average score among neighborhoods in the Bronx is 61.7. This is mainly affected by the base score (mostly the transportation part), as well as renter friendliness. [Top 5 Neighborhoods in the Bronx]

NYC Neighborhood Livability Map

 
The map below illustrates the livability of each NYC neighborhood. The darker the shade, the higher the score. You can click on the neighborhoods to learn more about the score breakdown as well as the median 1BR rent.

Generally speaking, Manhattan neighborhoods enjoy higher base scores thanks to the comprehensive MTA subway lines. Compared to the other three boroughs, Manhattan neighborhoods also have relatively higher renter-friendliness scores (average 79.4). Neighborhoods in Queens enjoy higher cleanliness scores, averaging 91.6, with few poop complaints and rat sightings. It is also the quietest borough with the least noise complaints and DOB permits issued, averaging 86.5 in the quiet score category. The neighborhoods in the Bronx generally did not perform well in the quiet score category nor renter friendliness. Most neighborhoods suffer high heat complaints as well as housing maintenance code violations.

Here are the Top 10 Neighborhoods in New York City


How We Did It

To determine the most renter-friendly and best neighborhoods in New York City, we compared over 190 Neighborhood Tabulation Areas (NTAs) across six key categories, including (1) Neighborhood Greenness, (2) Transportation, (3) Quality of Life, (4) Renter Friendliness, and (5) Safety, using in total 13 relevant metrics.

The following metrics were used for this neighborhood livability index:

Base Score [25 points]

  • Population Density — NTA Population / Land Size (sq mi) [2.5 points]
  • Transportation — MTA Subway Stops / Land Size (sq mi) [10 points]
  • Neighborhood Greenness: Tree Data — Street Tree Count / Land Size (sq mi) [6.25 points]
  • Neighborhood Greenness: Park Coverage — Park Area / Land Size (sq mi) [6.25 points]

Cleanliness [15 points]

  • Poop Complaints — 311 Canine Violations / 10k Households [7.5 points]
  • Rodent — 311 Rat Sightings / 10k Households [7.5 points]

Quietness [20 points]

  • Noise Complaints — 311 Residential Noise Complaints / 10k Households [16 points]
  • Potential Construction Noise — DOB Permits Issued / Total Housing Units [2 points]

Renter Friendliness [30 points]

  • Landlord Level of Responsibility: Heat Season — 311 Heat Complaints / Renter-Occupied Units [9 points]
  • Landlord Level of Responsibility: HMV — Housing Maintenance Code Violations / Renter-Occupied Units [3 points]
  • Percentage of Renter-Occupied Units — Renter-Occupied Units / Total Occupied Units [3 points]
  • Evictions — Evictions / Renter-Occupied Units [15 points]

Safety [10 points]

  • Motor Vehicle Collisions — Collisions / 10k Population [10 points]

We also adjusted the curve based on rental unit availability since that it’d be easier for renters to find an apartment in a given neighborhood if it has more available units on market. The rental rates were calculated using RentHop listings from October 16, 2019, to January 15, 2020.


We will be releasing the RentHop Neighborhood Livability Index on a quarterly basis, and we’d love to hear from you! Think we missed something? Any specific 311 complaints or dataset you’d like us to include? Or, would you like to work on an urban planning project using our underlying dataset? Email us at press@renthop.com.

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